What is Integrated Pest Management

Exploring Integrated Pest Management

Let’s Dive Into Integrated Pest Management (IPM)

An IPM or integrated pest management program is based on six essentials, but the three fundamental principles are prevention, control, and monitoring. By invoking the use of these values, you can reduce or eradicate the need for pesticides.

When you limit exposure, you are also minimizing the number of toxins that are released into the air you breathe. Various methods are used to control pest issues, which can be a combination of structural, natural, and social tactics.

What Pests Are Controlled?

Pests are creatures that harm or disturb attractive plant life in pastures, plantations, and landscapes. Additionally, they can damage houses or other buildings too. Insects also include bacteria that affect human or animal well-being. Pests may spread disease or just be an annoyance. They are defined as a:

  • Weed
  • Bird
  • Rodent
  • Creature
  • Insect
  • Nematode
  • Bacterium

They can affect the quality of the water, life of animals, and other parts of the environment.

What is Integrated Pest Management

How IPM Different Than Other Pest Control Programs?

The focus of IPM is to prevent pests and stop them from destroying or causing damage to the environment. Think of this method as preventative maintenance. You employ these tactics before pests become an issue so that you don’t have to resort to using chemicals to kill them.

For instance, when you grow a plant that is healthy within and without, then it can stand up to any attacks from pests. Their robust nature makes them resistant to diseases. Critters find their way into a building through broken caulking that was meant to seal off windows and doors. To prevent them from getting inside, buying an inexpensive tube of caulking, and fixing the seal is all that is required.

The difference in this than other types of pest control is that you look at the external factors that are contributing to the issue, and you fix it. Sure, you want to get rid of the problem, but you also want to evaluate and make sure that it doesn’t happen again. You become knowledgeable about how to fix the issue, and you make the conditions unfavorable so that the pests don’t want to return.

The Importance Of Monitoring And Identification

When dealing with IPM methods, you must continuously monitor the situation and identify any pests that are troubling you. Then, you can make an informed decision on whether management is needed. What does it mean to monitor? It merely means that you check the house, building, yard, field, or woodland for any signs of pests.

If you see any activity, then you must identify which pest is causing the problem. Are there active bugs you can see? If so, then how many are there, and how significant is the damage that they have caused? Is the bug a threat to you, your home, or your children?

When you can correctly identify the pest, then you will know if it’s a problem that needs immediate attention. Some parasites are benign and won’t cause damage or problems, and they are suitable for the environment.

Monitoring And Identification

You must learn which bugs are good and which ones you must eradicate. Once you have made an identification, then you can come up with the best strategy to manage them. When monitoring the situation, you want to consider:

  • The Pest
  • It’s Biology
  • Environmental Factors

Once you have taken all these things into account, then you must decide if you can tolerate the bug or if you need to take control of the situation. If you need to manage an out of control situation, then you can use the information that you have gathered to find the best method.

Integrated Pest Management Approaches

When considering implementing an IPM, you must utilize a combination of methods. Using several tactics together worked better than using one separately. The following are six IPM program essentials:


By conducting regular inspections of the site, you can quickly determine if and when an infestation is present. Once you have identified a problem, then you should evaluate the species causing the issue.


Your records mean everything when it comes to pest control. Using your data, you can easily see trends as well as know-how to prevent them in the future. If you know that ants have become a horrible problem for the past two springs, then you can be proactive about taking care of them. Keep track of the methods used that were successful and not successful in ensuring that you don’t waste time or money again.

Action Levels Used

You will never entirely rid pests from your life or home. However, you must focus on making things safe for humans, the atmosphere, and aesthetics. Some parasites are going to be a part of your life, whether you like it or not. However, you want to focus on the ones that are harmful to the ecosystem.

Preventative Measures

Whenever you create a new structure or repair an old one, you must use preventative measures in the plans. Pest control often begins by creating spaces where rodents and bugs cannot enter. For instance, mice love to come in around pipes and through basement windows. By ensuring that these spaces are properly sealed, the mice cannot enter the dwelling.


Chemicals are always the last resort, and they are never the first choice in an IPM program. If the problem has risen to the level that you need a fast-acting killer, then look for materials that are not toxic.

There are many organic solutions on the market that can take care of the problem without harming anyone or anything near it. Always remember the exposure to humans and other organisms and look for the safest possible route.


A standard protocol that evaluates the strategies used is essential. If what you’re doing isn’t working, then you must try something else. While IPM is about a bit of trial and error, it’s essential to determine a standard for specific pests.

IPM Strategies and Approaches

Implementing Integrated Pest Management

Keep in mind that IPM is a term that often has many different definitions. Many chemical programs will use this term to mask their products and services. Some say that IPM should use sprays as soon as an infestation is identified.

However, pesticides are last resorts as they are not sufficient for the long term. Always stick with products that are the least toxic to the environment. There are always new materials and devices becoming available on the marketplace to change how pest control is done, and IPM is bringing attention to those new, safer methods. Educate yourself to protect yourself and your dwelling.


We hope you enjoyed this brief but informative summary of IPM. Please feel free to ask a question, contact us to find out more. Thanks for reading.

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